Definition and meaning of egalitarianism: Egalitarianism is the belief in equal political, economic, and social rights for all citizens regardless of race, gender, religion, or other factors. Egalitarianism holds that everyone should have an equal opportunity to contribute to society and enjoy the benefits of its progress. Egalitarianism is rooted in the concept of human equality, which seeks to ensure that all citizens have equal access to basic rights and resources. This means that access to education, healthcare, and other important services should not be limited by income or other factors. Additionally, egalitarianism seeks to promote diversity of thought and opinion in politics and encourages citizens to take an active role in their own government. Egalitarianism is a difficult ideal to achieve, but its principles have been embraced by many political movements throughout history. With a commitment to equal rights and equal representation, egalitarianism promises a more fair and just society.