Election policy is the set of laws and guidelines that govern the conduct of elections. These policies are designed to ensure that the electoral process is fair, transparent and free of corruption. Election policy is often determined by the government in power, which can lead to a two-party system that favors incumbents. However, in some countries, independent election commissions are tasked with ensuring the fairness of the process. At its most basic, election policy is a set of rules that dictate how people can register to vote, how candidates can campaign, how ballots are counted and how results are determined. It also covers the roles of the media, political parties, third parties and other organizations that participate in the election process. In addition, election policy can also include laws and regulations that govern the financing of campaigns, the eligibility of candidates and the timing of elections. Election policy has a direct impact on the outcomes of elections, as it determines who can run for office and who has access to the ballot box. It is essential that any election policy be designed to encourage participation in the electoral process and to ensure the integrity of the results. Too often, restrictive election policies have been used to suppress the political participation of certain groups, making it harder for independent candidates to compete in the two-party system.