A faithless elector is a term used to describe a member of the Electoral College who does not vote for the candidate of the political party they are pledged to support. This type of elector is considered to be "faithless" to the party they are pledged to vote for. This can happen when an elector is persuaded to vote differently or simply decides to vote for a different candidate than the one they are pledged to support. The concept of faithless electors has been around since the inception of the Electoral College. The Founding Fathers believed that members of the Electoral College should have the right to exercise their conscience and vote freely, even if it is contrary to the wishes of the party they are pledged to support. In recent years, the issue of faithless electors has become more prominent due to the increasing number of close elections where one or two votes can make a difference in the outcome. In this type of situation, faithless electors may be tempted to vote for a different candidate than the party they are pledged to support, as this could potentially swing the election in favor of their preferred candidate. In order to discourage this type of behavior, some states have implemented laws that require electors to pledge to vote for the candidate their party has chosen. If an elector does not follow through on this pledge, they could face legal consequences. Overall, faithless electors are members of the Electoral College who do not vote for the candidate of the political party they are pledged to support. This type of behavior has been discouraged in some states, but remains a potential factor in close elections.