Terms Glossary

Good Party's Terms Glossary is a list of definitions of words from the political and elections world. These terms are from an independent's perspective with an eye toward reform. If you have a suggestion for a new definition, send it to ask@goodparty.org.

Fairness Doctrine

The Fairness Doctrine, by definition, is a policy that was implemented by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1949 in order to ensure that broadcasters presented controversial issues of public importance in an honest, equitable, and balanced manner. It required that broadcasters provide equal airtime to both sides of a debate and to refrain from broadcasting material that was one-sided and biased. The aim of the Fairness Doctrine was to promote the public interest by ensuring that all sides of public issues were presented fairly and accurately. In its original formulation, the Fairness Doctrine was intended to ensure that the public had access to a wide range of views on a variety of topics, such as political issues, social issues, and economic issues. The idea was to ensure that all views were represented in a fair and balanced manner. This meant that broadcasters had to provide airtime to those who had opposing views, and that they had to provide the same amount of airtime to both sides. In 1987, the FCC revoked the Fairness Doctrine, arguing that it was unnecessary and that the marketplace of ideas could provide for a diversity of views without government intervention. This decision was controversial, as many felt that the Fairness Doctrine was essential in ensuring that the public had access to a wide range of opinions and that broadcasters were held accountable for presenting balanced coverage on controversial issues.

Faithless Elector

The definition of a faithless elector is a member of the Electoral College, who, despite the pledge they made to their political party, votes for a different candidate in the presidential election. This form of election fraud is a violation of the Constitution, as it undermines the principle of one-person one-vote. A faithless elector is not just limited to the United States; it has also been seen in other countries with a similar electoral system. In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, there were seven faithless electors — three from Texas, two from Washington, one from Hawaii and one from Minnesota. The reform-minded view of faithless electors is that they should be held accountable for their actions and discouraged from voting against their political party's nominee. If a faithless elector was found to be in violation of their state's laws, they should be punished accordingly. There could also be federal laws in place to ensure that electors cast their votes in accordance with the popular vote. One way to do this is to enforce penalties on faithless electors, such as limiting their ability to run for office in the future or even revoking their electoral votes. This would help ensure that the will of the people is respected and not undermined by individuals who may be acting in their own self-interest. In the end, faithless electors should be discouraged and held accountable for their actions to ensure that the voices of the people are heard in the presidential election.

Faithless elector

A faithless elector is a term used to describe a member of the Electoral College who does not vote for the candidate of the political party they are pledged to support. This type of elector is considered to be "faithless" to the party they are pledged to vote for. This can happen when an elector is persuaded to vote differently or simply decides to vote for a different candidate than the one they are pledged to support. The concept of faithless electors has been around since the inception of the Electoral College. The Founding Fathers believed that members of the Electoral College should have the right to exercise their conscience and vote freely, even if it is contrary to the wishes of the party they are pledged to support. In recent years, the issue of faithless electors has become more prominent due to the increasing number of close elections where one or two votes can make a difference in the outcome. In this type of situation, faithless electors may be tempted to vote for a different candidate than the party they are pledged to support, as this could potentially swing the election in favor of their preferred candidate. In order to discourage this type of behavior, some states have implemented laws that require electors to pledge to vote for the candidate their party has chosen. If an elector does not follow through on this pledge, they could face legal consequences. Overall, faithless electors are members of the Electoral College who do not vote for the candidate of the political party they are pledged to support. This type of behavior has been discouraged in some states, but remains a potential factor in close elections.


Fascism is an authoritarian ideology that combines extreme nationalism and racism with an aggressive foreign policy and a corporatist economic system. It emphasizes a strong central government and the suppression of individual rights in favor of the state. Fascism rejects democracy, socialism, and liberalism, and is often associated with militarism, totalitarianism, and oppression. Examples of fascist governments include Nazi Germany, Mussolini's Italy, Franco's Spain, and the Japanese Empire. The true definition of fascism is a way of governing that is authoritarian, nationalistic, and anti-democratic. It is characterized by militarism, corporatism, and a rejection of liberal values and principles. Fascism has a strong emphasis on the nation state and its power, and often involves the suppression of civil liberties and minority groups. Fascism also often includes racism, xenophobia, and a distrust of democracy and international organizations. Ultimately, fascism is an extreme form of nationalism and authoritarianism that seeks to promote a particular political agenda over all others.

Federal Election Campaign Act

The Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) is a United States law that sets forth the rules and regulations for the financing of federal campaigns. This includes the disclosure of contributions and expenditures, the establishment of the Federal Election Commission (FEC), and the limitation of contributions and expenditures by individuals and organizations. FECA was originally passed in 1971 and substantially amended in 1974, 1976, 1979, and 2002. The purpose of FECA is to ensure that federal campaigns are conducted fairly, openly, and responsibly. This is done by discouraging large, secretive contributions to campaigns, limiting contributions to campaigns, and requiring disclosure of all contributions, expenditures, and independent spending. FECA also created the FEC, which is responsible for enforcing the regulations set forth in the Act. FECA has had a large impact on the way campaigns are conducted in the United States. It has led to greater transparency, as the public is now able to see who is financing certain campaigns and how much money is being spent. It has also limited the amount of money that campaigns can receive from individuals, organizations, and political action committees (PACs). This has resulted in campaigns being less dependent on large donors and more focused on grassroots support.

Federal Election Commission (FEC)

The Federal Election Commission (FEC) is an independent agency of the United States government that is responsible for enforcing federal campaign finance laws. It was created in 1974 in response to the Watergate scandal and is made up of six commissioners who are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The FEC's main responsibilities include regulating the campaign finance activities of federal candidates, political parties, and other committees, as well as disclosing campaign finance information to the public. It also has the authority to investigate alleged violations of campaign finance laws and to impose penalties on those who break the rules.

However, the FEC has been criticized for being ineffective and partisan in its enforcement of campaign finance laws. Some critics argue that it is too lenient on major party candidates and too harsh on independent and third party candidates, who often face more scrutiny and penalties for minor infractions.

There have been calls for reforms to the FEC that would make it more transparent and accountable to the public. These could include measures such as increasing the number of commissioners, establishing stricter disclosure requirements, and giving the agency more enforcement power.

Reforms to the FEC are necessary to create a more fair and equitable electoral system. By holding all candidates and parties to the same standards and ensuring that campaign finance laws are enforced evenly, we can create a more representative democracy that works for everyone.

Final five voting

Final five voting is a form of reform-minded voting that seeks to reduce the number of participants in a given election. It is an alternative to the traditional system of ‘first-past-the-post’ voting, where the candidate who receives the most votes wins the election. Under Final Five voting, the five candidates who receive the most votes in the primary election will go on to compete in the general election. This means that a wider range of voices can be heard and greater representation can be achieved. Final five voting is seen as a way to make elections more democratic and fair. It allows for more diverse candidates and perspectives to be heard and gives a greater voice to minority groups who may otherwise be excluded from the ballot. Additionally, it reduces the chances of a candidate winning the election with a small minority of votes. For example, in a local government election, Final Five voting would allow for five candidates to compete in the general election instead of just the two or three who receive the most votes in the primary election. This would allow a wider range of candidates to be heard and increase the chances of a candidate being elected who represents the majority opinion. Final five voting has the potential to be a powerful tool for reform-minded voters, by allowing for greater representation and increased fairness in elections.

Fiscal policy

Fiscal policy is a broad term that encompasses the government's spending, taxation, and borrowing decisions. It is a tool used by governments to influence economic activity, and is often used to achieve specific economic goals, such as achieving full employment and price stability. Fiscal policy is the primary means by which the government can affect the macroeconomic environment and is an important factor in the overall economic health of a nation. At its core, fiscal policy is the government's use of taxation and spending to influence economic conditions. Through taxation, the government can affect the amount of money in circulation, affecting consumer demand and the level of economic activity. By increasing or decreasing taxes, the government can encourage or discourage consumer spending. Similarly, through spending, the government can influence the level of economic activity by increasing or decreasing its spending on infrastructure, education, and other services. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool in the hands of reform minded policymakers. It can be used to increase economic growth, reduce poverty and inequality, and foster a more equitable distribution of resources. It can also be used to balance the budget and reduce government debt. The effectiveness of fiscal policy depends on its implementation and the economic forces at play in the economy. By understanding the objectives of fiscal policy and the economic forces that shape it, policymakers can use fiscal policy to achieve their desired economic goals.

Foreign policy

Definition and Meaning of Foreign Policy: Foreign policy is a set of principles and practices that guide a nation's international relations with other countries and their citizens. It is a way for a nation to shape its relationship with the world and ensure that its interests are respected and protected. The foreign policy of a nation is determined by a wide range of factors, including its culture, geography, economic power, military strength, and political ideology. Examples of foreign policy include trade agreements, diplomatic efforts, military alliances, and foreign aid. Reform minded foreign policy seeks to build a world where all nations have equal access to resources, security, and economic opportunity. This type of foreign policy emphasizes diplomatic solutions to international disputes, international cooperation to address global issues, and respect for the rights of all people. It also seeks to foster an environment where nations can work together to promote economic growth, social progress, and environmental sustainability. In the 21st century, many nations are embracing a reform minded foreign policy that seeks to promote global peace, security, and prosperity.


The definition and meaning of framers is a term used to refer to the group of Founding Fathers who drafted and signed the United States Constitution in 1787. The framers of the Constitution were prominent statesmen and political thinkers, including James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, and Benjamin Franklin. The framers crafted a document that established a federal government with a system of checks and balances designed to limit the power of the government and ensure the protection of civil liberties. The framers' vision of a limited government led to the creation of a representative democracy, in which citizens have the right to vote and the right to be represented by elected officials. The framers also sought to protect citizens' rights by creating a system of judicial review and the separation of powers between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. The framers' work was based on the idea of self-rule and the belief that citizens should have the right to elect their leaders and have a say in the laws of their country. The framers' vision of a government of the people, by the people, and for the people has been an inspiration for reform-minded individuals and organizations around the world.

Free Market Capitalism

Definition and Meaning of Free Market Capitalism: Free market capitalism is a system of economic activity based on private ownership of resources and production, with decisions regarding price and production determined by the forces of supply and demand in the marketplace. It is a system where government intervention is minimal and the market is largely self-regulating. This system allows for a large degree of personal and economic freedom, and it is based on the principle of individual rights and the belief that individuals should be allowed to make their own economic decisions. However, it is important to note that free market capitalism can also lead to inequality and exploitation if not properly regulated. Furthermore, it can lead to a two-party system which can lead to a lack of independent candidates and a lack of competition. To ensure a fair and equitable system, it is essential to have strong regulations in place to protect the interests of all stakeholders, including consumers, businesses, and workers.