Definition and meaning of federalism: Federalism is a system of government that allows for both the federal government and state governments to share power. It is a system of shared sovereignty, in which power is divided between the federal government and state governments. This system ensures that the power of the federal government is balanced with the power of the states, allowing for greater independence and autonomy from the federal government.
Federalism also encourages states to create their own laws and regulations, as long as they do not conflict with the laws of the federal government. This helps to create a more diverse and vibrant political system. Federalism has been an important part of the American political system since its inception, and has been used to encourage economic competition among the states, as well as to promote civil rights and protect individual freedoms.