Terms Glossary

Good Party's Terms Glossary is a list of definitions of words from the political and elections world. These terms are from an independent's perspective with an eye toward reform. If you have a suggestion for a new definition, send it to ask@goodparty.org.

Majority party

The definition of majority party is the political party or group of parties that holds the majority of seats in a legislative body. This is usually determined by the percentage of seats they hold in the body, with a majority generally considered as 51% or more. A majority party is often seen as the party in power and is able to pass legislation more easily than a party with fewer seats. Reform-minded individuals may have a different perspective on the definition and meaning of the majority party in a political context. They may view the majority party as an entity that is responsible for enacting meaningful change, whether it be through changes to existing laws or the implementation of new initiatives. The majority party has the power to set the legislative agenda, as well as the ability to pass legislation that has a direct impact on the lives of citizens. It is also responsible for ensuring that the voices of minority groups are heard and taken into account. In short, the majority party is the political entity that holds the majority of seats in a legislative body. It is responsible for setting the legislative agenda, enacting meaningful change, and ensuring that the voices of minority groups are heard and taken into account.


A mandate is a term used to describe a legal or political order, often issued by a government or party, requiring a particular action or behavior. It can also be used to describe a popular mandate, meaning widespread public support for a particular political decision. Mandates are usually preceded by a popular vote and are often followed by a period of implementation and enforcement. In the United States, one example of a mandate is the Affordable Care Act, which was passed in 2010. This legislation requires all Americans to have health insurance, and is enforced by the Internal Revenue Service. This mandate was passed with the intent of ensuring that all Americans have access to quality and affordable health insurance. Another example of a mandate is the Paris Agreement, which was signed in 2016. This international agreement is aimed at reducing emissions and limiting global warming. The agreement requires all signatories to take action to reduce emissions, and it has widespread public support. In both of these examples, mandates are used to promote reform and help create a better future. While mandates are often seen as controversial, they can also be used to promote positive change and help create a better society.

Media consolidation

Definition of Media Consolidation: Media consolidation is a term which describes the increasing concentration of ownership of media outlets, such as television, radio, newspapers and book publishers, in the hands of a few large companies. This process has been enabled by deregulation of the media industry, leading to a decrease in the number of independent media sources available to the public. As a result, the media landscape has become dominated by a few powerful corporations that have the ability to shape the public’s access to information and opinions. The consequences of media consolidation are particularly harmful to democracy, as it diminishes the diversity of ideas and opinions available to the public. With fewer independent outlets providing content to the public, coverage of important issues can become biased and limited, and the public’s access to information can become restricted. In addition, media consolidation can lead to increased market power of the companies that own media outlets, resulting in higher prices for consumers. All in all, media consolidation has serious implications for our society, and it is important to be aware of its implications in order to protect our democracy and the public’s right to access a variety of ideas and opinions.


A Megadonor, by definition, is an individual who makes extraordinarily large political donations to a candidate, political party, or organization. These donations are often in the millions of dollars and greatly exceed the legal limits of donations set by the Federal Election Commission. Megadonors are often major players in American politics, contributing immense amounts of money to influence the outcomes of elections and policy initiatives. In recent years, the influence of Megadonors has come under increased scrutiny from reform-minded critics. These individuals are often wealthy business owners and corporate executives who have taken advantage of the lax campaign finance laws in the United States to make large donations to candidates and organizations that align with their political beliefs. The result is a system in which a few wealthy individuals have a disproportionate amount of influence over the political process. Given the outsized influence of Megadonors, reformers have advocated for stricter campaign finance laws to limit the power of these individuals. These reforms include capping the amount of money that can be donated to candidates and organizations, increasing transparency and disclosure requirements, and introducing public financing of campaigns to help level the playing field. By limiting the influence of Megadonors and introducing more equitable campaign finance laws, reformers hope to create a more democratic and responsive political system.

Merit system

The definition of merit system is a type of civil service system designed to reward and recruit talented individuals based on their abilities and qualifications, rather than through patronage or nepotism. It is a form of government hiring that is based on merit, meaning that those who demonstrate superior skills and qualifications in their field have the best chance of being hired for a certain position. Merit systems are designed to be fair and equitable, ensuring that qualified individuals have the best chance at a job regardless of their race, gender, political or religious affiliations. Merit systems are designed to increase the efficiency of government agencies and to reduce corruption. By hiring individuals who are the most qualified for a position, government agencies are more likely to select those who are better suited to the job, reducing the risk of making a bad hire. Additionally, merit systems help to reduce the influence of patronage and nepotism, since hiring is based solely on qualifications and merit. Examples of merit systems can be found in state and local governments across the United States. These systems are often used to determine who is hired, transferred, or promoted in government agencies. Merit systems are also used to award bonuses, grants, and other forms of recognition to high-performing employees. Overall, the merit system is a type of civil service system designed to favor those with the most qualifications for a certain position. It is an effective way to reduce corruption and increase the efficiency of government agencies, while also protecting the rights of all qualified individuals.

Midterm election

The definition of a midterm election is a type of election that takes place during the midpoint of the President's four-year term. It is held two years after the Presidential election and is used to elect members of the House of Representatives, one-third of the Senate, and Governors in some states. Midterm elections provide an opportunity for the public to express their opinions on the current leadership and policies of the President and his administration. The public can use their votes to respond to the decisions made by the President and Congress, and can elect representatives who have different values and ideologies. Midterm elections can also be used to serve as a referendum on the President and his administration, as well as a way of holding them accountable. For example, in 2018, the midterm election was seen by some as a referendum on the Trump administration, with many voters voting in support of candidates who opposed the President's policies. In conclusion, midterm elections are an important part of the American political process and provide citizens with the opportunity to express their opinions and hold their elected leaders accountable.

Mine Inspector

In the United States, a Mine Inspector is an elected or appointed official who is responsible for enforcing mining laws and regulations to ensure the safety of miners and the environment. The specific duties of the Mine Inspector vary from state to state, but generally include inspecting mines, investigating accidents, and enforcing safety regulations.

Some states have an elected Mine Inspector as part of their state government. The exact title and responsibilities of the Mine Inspector may vary by state, but in general, they play a key role in ensuring that mining operations are conducted safely and in compliance with state and federal laws.

Some states that have an elected Mine Inspector include Arizona, Montana, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. However, it's important to note that this list may not be comprehensive and that some states may have an appointed Mine Inspector instead of an elected one.

Minor Party

A minor party is a political party that is not one of the two major parties in the United States (the Democrats and Republicans). Minor parties can include a wide range of organizations and ideologies, from the Libertarian Party and the Green Party to the Constitution Party and the Reform Party.

Minor parties often seek to challenge the dominance of the two major parties and provide alternative viewpoints and perspectives on the political process. They may advocate for specific issues or ideologies, such as environmentalism, social justice, or small government.

However, minor parties often face significant barriers to participating in the electoral process. They may struggle to raise the same amount of money as major party candidates, and they may have difficulty getting their message out to the public. They may also be excluded from debates and other important campaign events, which can make it harder for them to get their voices heard.

Despite these challenges, there are a number of minor parties in the United States today that are making an impact. For example, the Libertarian Party has consistently run candidates for office at the local, state, and national levels, and has gained a significant following among those who are skeptical of government intervention in the economy and personal lives.

The presence of minor parties in the political process is important for promoting a more diverse and representative democracy. By providing more choices and breaking free from the constraints of the two major parties, minor parties can help to create a more open and inclusive political system that works for everyone.

Minority Party

The definition of a minority party is a political party that does not hold the majority of seats in a legislature or governing body. This party may still have a voice in government, but its influence is limited by the number of seats it holds. Minority parties may be reform minded, advocating for change in the existing system. They may also have a unique agenda which may be opposed by the majority party. Examples of minority parties include the Green Party in the United States, the Liberal Democrats in the United Kingdom, and the New Democratic Party in Canada. Minority parties are an important part of a democracy, as they provide the opportunity for citizens to express their views through voting and representation.


Mudslinging is a term used to describe the practice of a political candidate or party attacking the reputation of another candidate or party in an attempt to gain an advantage in an election. It is a form of negative campaigning which involves making false or exaggerated claims about the opponent in order to damage their public image. Examples of mudslinging can include attacking a person’s character, making unfounded allegations about their record in office, or spreading false rumors about them. Mudslinging has been a part of American politics since the early days of the republic, but it has become increasingly prevalent in recent decades. While some argue that negative campaigning can help inform voters of a candidate’s weaknesses, most reform-minded individuals believe that mudslinging only serves to distract from the important issues at hand. It also serves to deepen partisan divides and can ultimately lead to a decrease in voter turnout. Ultimately, mudslinging is a form of negative campaigning that is intended to damage the reputation of a political opponent and gain an advantage in an election. It can be detrimental to the democratic process and should be avoided in favor of more honest and civil discourse.