The definition of merit system is a type of civil service system designed to reward and recruit talented individuals based on their abilities and qualifications, rather than through patronage or nepotism. It is a form of government hiring that is based on merit, meaning that those who demonstrate superior skills and qualifications in their field have the best chance of being hired for a certain position. Merit systems are designed to be fair and equitable, ensuring that qualified individuals have the best chance at a job regardless of their race, gender, political or religious affiliations. Merit systems are designed to increase the efficiency of government agencies and to reduce corruption. By hiring individuals who are the most qualified for a position, government agencies are more likely to select those who are better suited to the job, reducing the risk of making a bad hire. Additionally, merit systems help to reduce the influence of patronage and nepotism, since hiring is based solely on qualifications and merit. Examples of merit systems can be found in state and local governments across the United States. These systems are often used to determine who is hired, transferred, or promoted in government agencies. Merit systems are also used to award bonuses, grants, and other forms of recognition to high-performing employees. Overall, the merit system is a type of civil service system designed to favor those with the most qualifications for a certain position. It is an effective way to reduce corruption and increase the efficiency of government agencies, while also protecting the rights of all qualified individuals.