Definition and meaning of welfare state: A welfare state is a system of government that provides for the social and economic well-being of its citizens. It is characterized by extensive government intervention in the form of regulation, taxation, and public spending. Examples of welfare states include the United States, France, and many Scandinavian countries. In a welfare state, the government is responsible for providing its citizens with a wide range of services, including access to health care, education, and social services. It also provides economic security through unemployment benefits, pensions, and other forms of social security. The government may also provide direct support to vulnerable individuals and families through programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).