Definition and meaning of appointed incumbent: An appointed incumbent is someone who is appointed to an office, typically by the government, but who is not elected or voted in by the people. This type of system gives the government the power to choose who will hold a particular office, rather than allowing the people to decide. This can create a situation where the appointed incumbent is not necessarily the best choice for the job, but instead is chosen by the government for political or other reasons. Appointed incumbents often lack the legitimacy of an elected official and can be seen as a form of cronyism. This system of appointing incumbents can lead to a lack of accountability and transparency, as those in power are able to choose who they wish to represent the people.